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Physiotherapy for Bell's Palsy Noida and Nearby Area

Bell's Palsy

Introduction

Bell’s palsy is a neurological disorder that causes paralysis or weakness on one side of the face. In rare cases, Bell’s palsy can affect both sides of the face.

It occurs when one of the nerves that controls muscles in the face becomes injured or stops working properly. Bell’s palsy is the most common cause of facial paralysis.

Bell’s palsy results from a problem in cranial nerve VII, also called the facial nerve, which connects the brain to the muscles that control facial expression.

Clinical features-

  • Facial pain or abnormal sensations
  • Excessive tears in one eye
  • Sudden weakness or paralysis on one side of the face
  • A drooping eyebrow and mouth
  • Drooling from one side of the mouth
  • Difficulty closing one eyelid, which causes eye dryness
  • Pain around the jaw and behind the ear

Causes

The exact cause of Bell’s palsy is unknown. There is some evidence that inflammation and swelling of the cranial nerve VII is involved, but the reason for this swelling is unclear.

Possible triggers of Bell’s palsy may include:

  • An existing (dormant) viral infection, such as herpes simplex or varicella (chickenpox)
  • Impaired immunity due to stress, sleep deprivation, physical trauma, minor illness, or autoimmune syndromes
  • Infection of a facial nerve and resulting inflammation brought on a disorder such as Lyme disease
  • Damage to the myelin sheath (the fatty covering that insulates nerve fibres)

Risk factors

Risk factors for Bell’s palsy include

  • Pregnancy
  • Preeclampsia
  • Obesity
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Upper respiratory ailments.

Advice for recovery

  • Exercise the facial muscles regularly
  • Apply moist heat to the paralyzed areas to help reduce pain.
  • Massage affected area.Keep the face warm, wear a scarf because exposure to cold brings on paralysis.
  • Eating healthy and balanced diet rich in leafy, green vegetables.
  • Increase intake of Vitamin B12, B6 and zinc supplements to promote nerve growth.
  • Manage stress levels by practicing relaxation exercises.
  • Using a finger, regularly close the eye to keep it moist.Tape the eye closed for sleeping
  • Cut food into small pieces and eat on the side of your mouth that feels most comfortable.
  • Wear a pair of goggles when you shower to prevent soap and shampoo from affecting your weak eye
  • Use protective glasses or clear eye patches to keep the eye moist and to prevent foreign materials from entering the eye

Physiotherapy Treatment-

  • Electric stimulation — 30 contraction
  • Muscle of face — Galvanic stimulation
  • Nerve trunk — Faradic stimulation

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